Layer 1 technology provides the functionality of distribution and interaction.

This layer is made up of four components.


(3) [[Data distribution protocols|data distribution protocols]] IPFS Bluzelle Fluence Swarm

(4) [[Zero/low-trust interaction platforms (shared security)|low trust interaction platforms]] * [[Polkadot|Polkadot]]

(5) [[Zero/low-trust interaction protocols|low trust interaction protocols]] Bitcoin [[Ethereum|Ethereum]] Zcash Edgeware * Polkadot Parachains

(6) [[Transient data pub/sub messaging|transient data messaging]] Whisper Matrix